All About GOA

Goa

Goa, a former Portuguese Colony, is India's smallest state by area and the 4th smallest by population. Known as "Pearl of the Orient" and "Tourist Paradise", located in South West India (region known as the Konkan), it is bounded by the state of Maharashtra to the north and by Karnataka to the east and south, while the Arabian Sea forms its western coast.

The capital city of Goa is known as Panaji (Panjim), located on the banks of the Mandovi river and Vasco, Margao, Mapusa and Ponda are the other major towns. Goa is visited by large numbers of international and domestic tourists each year. Goa is much more than just beaches and sea. It has a soul which goes deep into unique history, rich culture and some of the prettiest natural scenery that India has to offer.

Goa encompasses an area of 3702 square kilometers. Most of Goa is a part of the coastal country known as the Konkan, which is an escarpment rising up to the Western Ghats range of mountains, which separate it from the Deccan Plateau. The highest point is the Sonsogor, with an altitude of 1,167 meters (3,827 feet). Goa has a coastline of 101 km. Goa's main rivers are the Mandovi, the Zuari, the Terekhol, Chapora River and the Sal. North Goa is neighbored by Sindhudurga District of Maharashtra, Eastern Goa to Belgaum District of Karnataka and Southern Goa to Karwar District of Karnataka and entire Western Goa is facing Arabian Sea.

The state is divided into two districts "North Goa" & "South Goa". Each district is governed by a district collector, an administrator appointed by the Indian Government. Panaji and Margao are the headquarters of North Goa district and South Goa district respectively. The North Goa District is further divided into four subdivisions "Mapusa, Bicholim, Panaji and Ponda" & six taluks "Pernem, Bardez (Mapusa), Bicholim, Sattari (Valpoy), Tiswadi (Panaji) and Ponda". The South Goa District is further divided into three subdivisions "Margao, Mormugao (Vasco) and Quepem" & six taluks "Mormugao, Salcete (Margao), Quepem, Canacona (Chaudi), Sanguem and Dharbandora".

Goa features a tropical monsoon climate under the Koppen climate classification. Goa has a short winter season between mid-December and February. Mostly Goa has a hot and humid climate. The month of May is the hottest, seeing day temperatures of over 35°C (95°F) coupled with high humidity. The monsoon rains arrive by early June and provide a much needed respite from the heat. Most of Goa's annual rainfall is received through the monsoons which last till late September.

Goa has a colourful culture, that evolved from its history of Hindu, Muslim and Portuguese rulers. It comprises of dances, folk songs, visual arts, music and folk tales rich in content and variety. The people of Goa are generally well educated and the literacy rate is also high. The only place where you find people accepting the presence of all major religions without any ego or hesitation. The Goan culture is very easy going and relaxed. You won't find people fighting or arguing over religious issues or dress codes. Everyone is free follow the kind of lifestyle they want to, unlike the rest of India where tradition and conservatism is an inseparable part of one's life.

Goa has produced a number of prominent musicians and singers for the world of Indian music. The state had been ruled since the 16th century by Portugal, and thus had a closer connections with Western Classical and Pop Music than the rest of India. Many famous names on the Indian music scene originate from Goa. Famous singers such as Lata Mangeshkar (the most famous singer in the history of the Indian film industry) and Kishori Amonkar in the classical variety and Remo Fernandes in pop music are from Goa. The traditional Goan musical instruments are Dhol, Mridanga, Tabla, Ghumat, Kasale, Madlem, Shehnai, Surt, Tasso, Nagado and Tambura. Goan popular music is generally sung in the Konkani language.

Goa is well known for its rich art and crafts. Goan earthenware is famous worldwide for its attractive water and flower pots, different types of sculptures and figures and panels, metal works, wooden carvings, bamboo crafts and different kinds of embroidery. The flea markets in Goa offer a range of Goan handicrafts that are bought by people from all across the world because of its uniqueness and traditional appeal.

Goa is visited by large numbers of international and domestic tourists each year. Goa is much more than just beaches and sea. It has a soul which goes deep into unique history, rich culture and some of the prettiest natural scenery that India has to offer. Goa's rich cultural heritage comprises of dances, folk songs, visual arts, music and folk tales rich in content and variety. Goan are born music lovers, most Goans can pluck at a guitar or pick out a tune on the piano.

Goa's rich cultural heritage comprises of dances, folk songs, visual arts, music and folk tales rich in content and variety. Goan are born music lovers, most Goans can pluck at a guitar or pick out a tune on the piano.

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